Buying apartments has become too expensive
Russians do not want to rent housing, but many of them simply have no other choice: real estate is becoming more expensive, real incomes of the population are falling, and even the growing availability of mortgages does not beat these two "trump cards." Buying an apartment is more and more difficult, renting is not easier. What can renters expect in 2020?
The idea of ​​home ownership is still strong in Russian society: more than half of the citizens do not want to rent apartments, considering this opportunity for themselves only as a last resort. But compromise has to be made more and more often: real estate is becoming more expensive, real incomes of the population are falling, and the growing availability of mortgages does not beat these two "trump cards." People who have recently planned to buy square meters are resigned to the need to continue living in someone else's territory. The owners of rented apartments, meanwhile, are raising rates - because they can. The pain of the tenants and the cunning of the owners - in the material "".

Dreaming is harmful
The dream of better living conditions is the most popular among Russians, along with the dream of health for themselves and loved ones. About 40 percent - 24.3 million - of Russian families want to improve their current living conditions. Most are unhappy with the fact that they have to share housing with representatives of other generations, that is, with their parents and grandparents. There is a way out - to buy your apartment at least on credit. But you still need to save up for a loan: according to the Accounts Chamber, no more than 30 percent of Russians can afford to use a mortgage to purchase housing. In reality, this figure may be even lower.

“The rise in prices for new buildings and apartments in the secondary market that occurred in 2019 set a barrier for many buyers, forcing them to abandon thoughts of buying a home for a long time and turn to good old lease, monthly payments for which are more humane than mortgage payments,” says Pavel Lutsenko, general director of the federal portal World of Apartments. The increased demand for other people's meters allowed owners to raise rental rates.

According to the "World of Apartments", over the past year, the cost of renting housing in 70 largest cities of Russia increased by an average of 5-7 percent. Removable "odnushki" have risen in price almost everywhere - in 65 cities, fell in price - in five.
Prices soared most noticeably in Novokuznetsk, Cherepovets, Astrakhan, Voronezh, Yaroslavl, Cheboksary, Yakutsk, Orenburg, Omsk and Makhachkala.

Rented one-room apartments fell in price only in Saratov, Sochi, Penza, Simferopol and Lipetsk, and even then not by much - by 3-9 percent. By the beginning of 2020, it was possible to rent an average "odnushka" in Russia for 12.6 thousand rubles a month. Rental rates for two-room apartments in 2019 also increased - by 7 percent on average, to 17.6 thousand rubles per month. For "three rubles" this figure reached 23.6 thousand rubles a month (plus 5 percent per year).

Rent of apartments in Russia has risen in price for the year by 5-7%
If we compare the size of the increase in rental rates and the cost of acquiring housing, the growth rates will turn out to be almost the same: rent added 5-7 percent, “secondary housing” became more expensive by 5 percent, “square” in new buildings - by almost 9 percent (data from World of Apartments ). But renting always hits the wallet less at the moment - it is easier to rent here and now than to buy, while many over the years of living on other people's meters pay the full cost of buying a rented apartment.

To Moscow, to Moscow
The Russian capital in 2019 showed a moderate growth in rental rates. “During the year, the rental value on the capital's real estate market practically did not change, but only fluctuated within the arithmetic error. There were no significant price changes by 2018 either, "say analysts of the MIEL-Arenda agency. The average cost of hiring in the economy class segment by the beginning of 2020 reached 30 thousand rubles for one-room apartments, 40 thousand rubles for two-room apartments and 50 thousand rubles per month for three-room apartments.

The main demand in the rental market, as in previous years, focused on economy-class apartments - about 80 percent of requests fell on this segment. The most demanded in Moscow are apartments in the price range from 25 thousand to 40 thousand rubles per month, here the demand exceeds supply in fact twice. At the same time, tenants are less and less willing to take "killed" housing: first of all, comfortable apartments, clean, equipped with the necessary furniture and appliances, are considered. “Apartments are in poor condition, inconveniently located and are in minimal demand,” says the managing director of MIEL-Arenda, Maria Zhukova.

An interesting trend is an increase in the number of non-Muscovite landlords: according to the estimates of INKOM-Real Estate, 7 percent of rented apartments belong to people without capital registration and living outside Moscow (in 2018, there were 4 percent of them). Within this group, a third have inherited Moscow apartments, and two-thirds have acquired real estate "for the future."

The share of Muscovites renting out apartments who have left their hometown is also growing.

Always or temporarily - by the end of 2019, there were about a third of the total number of landlords. They leave Moscow for various reasons - first of all, this is the desire to emigrate from the country, the fashion for de-urbanization (resettlement from big cities to small and out of town) and the material insecurity of many residents of the metropolis.

Money problems contribute to the development of another trend: in Moscow, “vacation” rentals are gaining popularity, when an apartment is rented for the summer period (from May to October).
“Many Muscovites try to make the most of the available ways to replenish the budget. And as long as the target demand remains, the offer of “summer” hiring will remain in force, ”promises Oksana Polyakova, deputy director of the INKOM lease department.

The capital's pensioners, meanwhile, are more and more willing to unite to receive rental income: they settle in one apartment, and rent the second. “We believe that the mere increase in the retirement age is a sufficient reason for the rentier to become larger. So there are prerequisites for further replenishment of the supply of rental housing in the capital ", - sums up Polyakova.

No better outside the Moscow Ring Road
In the Moscow region - an eternal outlet for tenants who cannot afford Moscow rates - everything is not easy either. There is no good without a silver lining: in 2019, the Moscow Central Diameters (MCD) were launched, which immediately raised the cost of renting housing in the near zone of the region. According to the analysts of the "World of Apartments", not only the popular "odnushki" and "kopeck piece" apartments have risen in price, but even the less-demanded "treshki". On average, the cost of renting an apartment within a radius of 15 kilometers from the Moscow Ring Road has grown since the beginning of 2019 by 15-16 percent.

“The average rates for rented“ odnushki ”in the most expensive cities of the near zone of the region have come close to the rates in the capital's“ sleeping bags ”, which is understandable - you can now get outside the Moscow Ring Road by metro,” experts explain.
So, a one-room apartment in Kotelniki now costs more than 35 thousand rubles a month, in Reutov the rate exceeds 33 thousand a month. Krasnogorsk and Khimki with an average price tag of about 30 thousand rubles per month are in third and fourth places in the ranking of cities near Moscow with expensive rent. On the fifth line - Odintsovo, connected to the city transport network using the MCD1 line. Here for a standard "odnushka" they will ask 28.8 thousand rubles a month.

Cheap rented apartments are offered in the southern and southeastern zones of the near Moscow region - in Lytkarino, Domodedovo and Podolsk, where for 20-22 thousand rubles a month you can find a completely normal one-room option. In general, rates are growing in all 15 cities of the near belt of the Moscow region. In Kotelniki, Lobnya and Dolgoprudny, rent for 2019 increased the most - by a quarter, in Lyubertsy - by 22-24 percent.

“The housing stock, actively replenished with comfortable offers, and constantly improving transport accessibility have made the near Moscow region extremely attractive for tenants,” says Pavel Lutsenko. - Not the least role this year was played by the Moscow Central Diameters, which connected several towns near Moscow with the inner districts of Moscow. Their opening had a particularly strong impact on rental rates in Lobnya, Dolgoprudny, Odintsovo and Podolsk. In addition, the rise in prices for new buildings and apartments on the secondary market made renting even more in demand. "

"We can expect an increase in demand for renting rooms"
In 2020, hiring will not be cheaper, alas, experts are sure. “Rental rates for apartments will be stable throughout the year, slow, creeping growth is possible,” says Pavel Lutsenko. - Those tenants who purchased a new building during the buying rush of 2018-2019 will begin to move from rented apartments to their own, finally completed housing, and leave the rental market. However, other people who refused to buy housing because of its rise in prices last year will support the demand for rented apartments. "

Moscow region sadness: prices rose on the housing market and demand fell
The creeping growth will not be due to the impudence of property owners, but to the growth of expenses for the maintenance of apartments - utility bills, deductions for major repairs and others. “The landlord has to make repairs after each tenant who has moved out, and the cost of materials also grows from year to year. The owners are trying to shift at least part of these costs onto the shoulders of tenants, ”Lutsenko explains.

INKOM-Nedvizhimost expects a rise in rates in Moscow by 5-7 percent per year. “In 2020, there is a possibility of a slight decline in the segments of purchase and sale of primary and secondary urban housing, in connection with which we predict some activation of tenants and landlords: some potential buyers will decide to postpone the purchase and will rent housing for the time being, and some owners will prefer to rent your property, ”says Oksana Polyakova. In addition, according to her, the development of transport infrastructure, in particular, the opening of new metro stations, can contribute to an increase in rental rates.

Roman Babichev, head of the rental department of the Azbuka Zhilya agency, I'm sure